A SIRPαFc Fusion Protein Conjugated With the Collagen-Binding Domain for Targeted Immunotherapy of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Jiayang Liu, Zhefeng Meng, Tongyang Xu, Kudelaidi Kuerban, Songna Wang, Xuyao Zhang, Jiajun Fan, Dianwen Ju, Wenzhi Tian, Xuan Huang, Xiting Huang， Danjie Pan, Huaning Chen, Weili Zhao and Li Ye*
Minhang Hospital & Department of Biological Medicines at School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai, China2Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Immunotherapeutics, School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai, China3ImmuneOnco Biopharma (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., Shanghai, China4Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
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The SIRPαFc fusion protein can block the immunosuppressive CD47-SIRPα signal between macrophages and tumor cells as a decoy receptor and has demonstrated its immunotherapeutic efficacy in various tumors. However, its clinical application was limited because of the potential hematologic toxicity. The heptapeptide “TKKTLRT” is a collagen-binding domain (CBD) which can bind collagen specifically. Herein, we aim to improve the tumor targeting of SIRPαFc and therefore avoid its unnecessary exposure to normal cells through synthesizing a TKKTLRT–SIRPαFc conjugate. Experiments at molecular and cellular levels indicate that the TKKTLRT–SIRPαFc conjugate-derived collagen-binding affinity and the introduction of CBD did not impact the CD47-binding affinity as well as its phagocytosis-promoting effect on NSCLC cells. In vivo distribution experiments showed that CBD–SIRPαFc accumulated in tumor tissue more effectively compared to unmodified SIRPαFc, probably due to the exposed collagen in the tumor vascular endothelium and stroma resulting from the abnormal vessel structure. On an A549 NSCLC nude mouse xenograft model, CBD–SIRPαFc presented more stable and effective antitumor efficacy than SIRPαFc, along with significantly increased CD11b+F4/80+ macrophages especially MHC II+ M1 macrophages within tumors. All of these results revealed that CBD brought a tumor-targeting ability to the SIRPαFc fusion protein, which contributed to the enhanced antitumor immune response. Altogether, the CBD–SIRPαFc conjugate may have the potential to be an effective tumor immunotherapy with improved antitumor efficacy but less non-tumor-targeted side effect.